Archive for the ‘sarf’ Tag

The Importance of Nahw and Sarf

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

An excellent set of notes highlighting the importance of nahw and sarf and how changes of a harakah in the Qur’an can be very serious.  May Allaah reward the brother and sister who put these together for their efforts and granting me permission to share this.


NAHW: focuses on words and the harakah on the last letter of each word in a sentence

SARF: focuses on how different words are conjugated from one source and defines the harakah of every letter in a word except the last letter

How did the science of nahw come about? During the caliphate of ‘Ali ibn Abee Taalib, radhiyallaahu ‘anhu, a Bedouin man came from the desert to the town and was praying behind one of the Imaams and the Imaam was reciting soorah at-Tawbah and when he recited the following aayah:

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Excellent Sarf Reference Book

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

First of all, I apologise for the severe delay as I did aim to post this some months back.  Since then I’ve totally changed this ‘review’ and feel it’s about time I put it out…

Practicing sarf (morphology) is a very important aspect of learning Arabic that I’ve noticed many neglect early on.  It requires a degree of time, practice, memorisation and revision.  Alhamdulillâh, while for some I may have jumped the gun, one of my first and most important purchases when I took my Arabic studies seriously was a dictionary called, “A Dictionary of Arabic Verb Conjugation” (معجم تصريف الأفعال العربية) by Ambassador Antoine El-Dahdah and reviewed by Dr. Georges M. Abdul-Massih.  I now recommend this dictionary to pretty much everyone who is learning Arabic.

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Dealing with extremities [from Arabic Gems]

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

This excellent article expounds on a concept in Arabic studies known as sîgh al-mubâlaghah ism fâ`il, the understanding of which is a must for the one who wishes to understand the names and attributes of Allâh.  May Allâh reward the sister who put this together, with good.

Dealing with extremities


al-Salāmu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullāh,

There are certain noun forms in Arabic known as siyagh al-mubaalaghah (‘forms of intensification/hyperbolic forms’) that are used to put across a more intense meaning than the original noun form. For example, a liar ‘kaadhib كاذب may also be known as akadhoob كذوب or a kadhdhaab كذّاب – all carrying the meaning of ‘liar’ but denoting different levels of intensity.

Allaah often uses these forms in the Qur’an, and thus we find that He refers to Himself as al-Ghaffaar الغفار (Ta-Ha verse 82) and al-Ghafoor الغفور (al-Burooj, verse 14).

Similarly, the slanderer has been referred to as a hammaaz هماز (al-Qalam, verse 11), and a humazah همزة (al-Humazah, verse 1).

Is there a difference between these forms of essentially the same word? Abu Hilal al-’Askari, author of al-Furooq al-Lughawiyyah, said that it is impossible for there to be two different words in Arabic that have exactly the same meaning, and that those who are unaware of the differences think that the different words are only different hyperbolic forms, whereas they also reflect different meanings.

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English Translation of Al-Ajurrumiyyah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Simplifying Al-Âjurrûmîyyah is basically an English translation of Al-Âjurrûmiyyah.  It should assist and play as a useful backup for those of us who may struggle with some words and phrases.  The translator is Abul-Layth Qasim ibn Aggrey Mutiva, may Allâh reward him with good.

Simplifying Al-Âjurrûmîyyah

More Lessons on Al-Ajurrumiyyah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Shaykh Muhammad Al-Malikî (Jeddah, KSA) has taught Al-Âjurrûmiyyah in English.  There are around 100 lessons/files, with an additional number of revision and exam preparation lectures, which seem to be in Arabic.  Please mind the annoying adverts as the brother who uploaded this (may Allâh reward him and the Shaykh) is hosting his files at esnips.com.

Al-Âjurrûmiyyah English Durûs – Shaykh Al-Malikî

Lessons on Tuhfah As-Saniyyah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Yet more from Shaykh Raslân…  A brother told me that the Shaykh has lessons on Tuhfah As-Saniyyah, a rather popular explanation of Al-Âjurûmiyyah, so I dug them up.  The author’s is Muhammad Muhyî Ad-Dîn `Abd Al-Hamîd and his book is the best explanation of Al-Âjurûmiyyah I have yet seen.  But it isn’t the most basic, which is why you find that this explanation itself, has been ‘explained’.  The series is called Taysîr An-Nahw and can be accessed from the following link.  Again, the series is available in both audio and video formats, and is in Arabic.

Taysîr An-Nahw

Lessons on Sarf

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Abu Taubah (thefiks.org) is now delivering lessons in sarf (morphology).  I haven’t seen much content around that specifically deals with the subject of sarf so alhamdulillâh!  There hasn’t been a lesson in around two months so I don’t know if they’re on hold or not, but there is still benefit in what is currently available.

Link:  Lessons on Sarf