Archive for the ‘i`rab’ Tag

The Importance of Nahw and Sarf

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

An excellent set of notes highlighting the importance of nahw and sarf and how changes of a harakah in the Qur’an can be very serious.  May Allaah reward the brother and sister who put these together for their efforts and granting me permission to share this.


NAHW: focuses on words and the harakah on the last letter of each word in a sentence

SARF: focuses on how different words are conjugated from one source and defines the harakah of every letter in a word except the last letter

How did the science of nahw come about? During the caliphate of ‘Ali ibn Abee Taalib, radhiyallaahu ‘anhu, a Bedouin man came from the desert to the town and was praying behind one of the Imaams and the Imaam was reciting soorah at-Tawbah and when he recited the following aayah:

Continue reading