Archive for the ‘Knowledge’ Category

Studying Nahw: Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Taken from http://www.tayyibaat.com, translated by sister Amatullah may Allâh reward her with good.

Studying Nahw: Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen.


Bismillah

Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen rahimahullah says:

The science of nahw (grammar) is a noble science tha is a means to two important things:

  1. Having an understanding of the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Comprehension of these two will give one understanding and knowledge of grammar.
  2. Establishing the tongue upon the Arabic language that the words of Allah were revealed in; this is why having an understanding of nahw is a very important matter. Although, nahw in the beginning stages is difficult to comprehend, it becomes easier in the end. The similitude is given: a house of straw, but a door of iron, meaning it is difficult to get inside, but once you are in, everything is easy for you. This is why it is necessary for the people to have a strong desire and motivation during the beginning stages of learning until it becomes easier upon them in the end.

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The Importance of Nahw and Sarf

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

An excellent set of notes highlighting the importance of nahw and sarf and how changes of a harakah in the Qur’an can be very serious.  May Allaah reward the brother and sister who put these together for their efforts and granting me permission to share this.


NAHW: focuses on words and the harakah on the last letter of each word in a sentence

SARF: focuses on how different words are conjugated from one source and defines the harakah of every letter in a word except the last letter

How did the science of nahw come about? During the caliphate of ‘Ali ibn Abee Taalib, radhiyallaahu ‘anhu, a Bedouin man came from the desert to the town and was praying behind one of the Imaams and the Imaam was reciting soorah at-Tawbah and when he recited the following aayah:

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The Status of the Arabic Language in Islam

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Taken from www.abdurrahman.org.


The Status of the Arabic Language in Islâm

Shaykh Al-Islâm ibn Taymiyyah

Iqtidâ‘us-Sirâtil-Mustaqîm (2/207)

As for becoming accustomed to talking to one another in a language other than Arabic, which is the symbol of Islâm and the language of the Qur‘ân, so that this becomes a habit in the land, with one’s family and household members, with one’s friends, in the marketplace, when addressing government representatives or authority figures or when speaking to people of knowledge, undoubtedly this is makrooh (disliked), because it involves being like the non-Arabs, which is makrooh, as stated previously.

Hence when the early Muslims went to live in Syria and Egypt, where the people spoke Byzantine Greek, and in ’Iraaq and Khurasaan, where the people spoke Persian, and North Africa (al-Maghrib) where the people spoke Berber, they taught the people of those countries to speak Arabic, so that Arabic became the prevalent language in those lands, and! all the people, Muslim and kaafir alike, spoke Arabic. Such was also the case in Khurasaan in the past, then they became lax with regard to the language and got used to speaking Farsee until it became prevalent and Arabic was forgotten by most of them. Undoubtedly this is disliked.

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E.W. Lane Comments on the Astounding Memory of the Arabs

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Many of the Arabs have been remarkable for a tenacity of memory almost miraculous. Several of them are related to have composed and dictated from memory large works, including even lexicons.  At school, they generally learn the whole of the Kur-an by heart, aided to do so by its being composed in rhyming prose; and many students, among them, when unable to purchase works necessary to them, borrow such works, a portion at a time, from the libraries of the mosques, and commit their entire contents to memory. Hence, in numerous instances, the variations in copies of the same Arabic work ; copies being often written from the dictation of persons who have learned a work by heart.

Taken from the preface (page xiii) of Arabic~English Lexicon by E.W. Lane.

Lying to Seek Knowledge

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

I’ve actually heard that some people have lied in order to study Islamic sciences, be it to authorities that question them, or in interviews.  Why one would want to begin performing the best supererogatory deed with lies, I don’t know.  Wallaahu musta`aan.  The following question was put forward to Shaykh Yahyâ Al-Hajûrî.  Taken from SubulasSalaam.com.


Question: Is it permissible to lie in order to seek knowledge, for example; obtaining a fake certificate/degree, lying about your age to the interviewer, or having an id card with false information and so on, because this issue is widespread and may Allaah reward you with good.

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Methods of Memorization in Mauritania

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Mâ shâ’ Allâh, this is an excellent and detailed account of the renowned Mauritanian method of memorisation/hifdh.


Methods of Memorization in Mauritania

by: Abu Umar Abdul ‘Aziz

Al-Hamdu lillaah, we praise Allah and seek His aid and forgiveness. May the Salah and the Salam be upon the Messenger of Allah, and upon his family and companions and all who follow his path with goodness until the Day of Judgment.

To proceed:

Once, the great scholar and grammarian, Shaykh Muhammad Salim al-‘Udud ash-Shinqiti of Mauritania was attending a meeting for the international jurisprudence council in Cairo Egypt. After the meeting, the Shaykh went out with an Egyptian scholar to have dinner and converse with. During the course of the modest dinner, lively discussion took place about the various differences between Mauritania, a large extremely poor country situated in the Sahara desert, and the fairly developed and modern Egypt. The two scholars discussed the methods of Islamic study in both countries and this led the Egyptian scholar to jokingly ask him, “Which scholars are more knowledgeable, the scholars of Egypt or the scholars of Mauritania?”

In response to the question, Shaykh Muhammad Salim said: ” Your scholars are more knowledgeable in the day time, and our scholars are more knowledgeable in the night.”

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The Definition of an `Arab – Ibn Taymiyyah

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Following on from yesterday’s post, I decided to post this old ebook from salafimanhaj.com. As you can probably guess if you read yesterday’s post, the definition is somewhat antonymous to the defintion of `Ajami and in a Islamic context, it is far from the Arab Nationalism we often perceive.

Link: The Definition of an `Arab